Chrome Event 12/7/10 (4 of 4) - Eric's Speech & Closing

Uploaded by googlechrome on 07.12.2010

Pichai: At this point, I want to invite
a special guest on stage.
Most of you know Eric as the CEO of Google.
I've worked with Eric for over six years now.
In all the meetings I've had with him,
I have known him first and foremost
as a computer scientist and a deep technologist
who has pioneered a lot of the work
in cloud computing we are talking about here.
Every time we talk about, he wants to talk about
the web platform, where it is going,
what the next set of evolutions are.
And so I'm very excited to have him here
to share a few words with us.
Schmidt: Thank you.
Thanks, everybody.
My congratulations to Sundar, Linus,
and the whole team.
It's obviously an amazing set of product announcements.
We're really part of a journey of cloud computing.
And this journey can be seen both in a historical context
in terms of also what we think's going to happen
in the next many decades--
That cloud computing will sort of essentially
define computing as we all know it.
I work at Google primarily because Google
is one of a handful of companies that can
do real computer science at scale
and that we are able to actually build platforms
of the kind of complexity
that the simplicity that you've seen now can generate.
In other words, these complex systems,
when properly built, produce these extraordinarily
elegant and simple solutions.
Now, why is this so hard?
Okay, well, I probably have as good a story as any.
In 1983, I was part of a team at Sun
that was very proud to announce the 3M machines.
The "Ms" by-- were one megapixel,
one megahertz, and one megabit.
Right. Do the math, guys.
And as part of that, we introduced
a diskless computer,
because disks in your client were such a problem.
So this is not a new concept.
Don't be confused.
There's not--there are very few new ideas
in computer science.
The last really new one, by the way,
was public key encryption in 1975.
Somehow we're always bringing them back,
because we want a--
Either we loved them or because they were right
and we couldn't implement them.
So why is this one so difficult?
Well, we did that for a while.
We had all the IT stuff.
Then the web was invented
and the web is not really cloud computing.
The web is really an information resource
of enormous impact.
And we all understand what the web
has done to society, to our industry,
to all of us as individuals, and we'll forever
be grateful to Tim Berners-Lee and the team
that made that happen.
And, in fact, in the first cycle here in 1995--
Remember the Netscape IPO,
the Java announcement and all of that.
Ultimately leading, in 1997, to an announcement by Oracle
and myself and a whole bunch of other people
who were heavily involved,
of a product called the network computer.
Exactly what we're talking about today.
Read the language.
Use your favorite search engine
and look at what I said.
So why did it fail? Right?
Why should you believe us now?
Well, we were right then and we were wrong then.
We were right that the underlying problems--
that computing had evolved,
the client server, the complexity,
the costs and so forth-- really were a problem.
But we were wrong in understanding
how complex and subtle the problems were.
And, of course, we were in the middle of the bubble
and God knows however else we were distracted
and so forth and so on.
It was all sort of an amazing time.
But when I think back hard,
it was 'cause we couldn't build great applications
on the web technologies of the time.
We could build information resources.
You know, you could read things and do things and so forth,
but you couldn't build web applications
that were at the scale and power
of the then-existing desktop applications,
which at the time were Ole and Win32
and various Mac APIs and so forth and so on.
So what did it take?
Well, first thing is it took time.
Moore's law is a factor of 1,000 in 15 years.
So 13 years ago-- 15 years ago versus today,
we have 1,000 times faster networks,
CPUs, screens.
Just literally more horsepower
at the networking and disk level.
The disks are that much faster.
The network is more reliable and so forth and so on.
There was a technology built in 2003-2004
which came--it was called Asynchronous JavaScript XML--
abbreviated as Ajax-- which built the first
interesting web apps.
Gmail, for example, was either the first
or one of the early first Ajax applications.
And all of a sudden people said,
"You know, this web thing is actually kind of useful.
"I can write some pretty interesting applications.
They can update themselves and so forth and so on."
And then a general technology now known as LAMP,
which stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP,
Perl, and Python and various other Ps,
evolved as a platform for the back end.
So all of a sudden you had a client
and you had a back end that were powerful enough
that a new programming model-- which is indeed
what these things are built around--
where people instead of building these large
monolithic pieces of programs,
they would take snippets of code--
objects, if you will-- and they would aggregate
them together in languages like Java and JavaScript,
which sort of then came to dominate the middle period.
Now, why am I telling you all of this?
Because it took us all of this work
to get to the point where a modern browser
could emerge in the form of Chrome.
Chrome, of course, now is a huge success
that we've had-- [mutters]
It was also interesting when Larry and Sergey--
Of course, Larry and Sergey have always been ahead of me
on these things.
When I first joined the company,
Larry and Sergey absolutely wanted to be
in the browser business and the operating system business
and I absolutely was not interested in being in either.
And I said, "No."
And I blocked very, very-- I worked very, very hard.
They sneakily hired a number of people
who were very, very clever to work on Firefox browser,
which we helped fund through an advertising deal,
which has been amazingly successful,
and ultimately that core team ultimately
was able to build this phenomenal browser
called Chrome, which finally broke through
the architectural frameworks that people had
with respect to security and speed,
which we've highlighted so now.
We've gone from a point where we had
unreliable--reliable disks and unreliable networks
to a world where we have reliable networks
and the absence of a disk or an unreliable disk
or we don't really care about the disk.
Architecturally, that's a huge change
for the way people think about applications.
And what I like in particular about this
is that you have a series now--
You have this sort of whole industry
working on a set of platforms
that set up, in my view, real success going forward.
Let's review.
The first is the adoption of HTML5.
If you haven't heard enough about HTML5 this morning,
go spend some more time reading about it.
It is now finally possible to build the powerful apps
that you take for granted on a PC or a Macintosh
with the graphics and so forth and so on.
It's finally possible to build them on top
of a browser platform.
And we showed them over and over and over again.
Furthermore, every vendor in the industry--
Google and, of course, all of our competitors
and everybody else-- has announced an HTML5 strategy.
So it's not just us and it really is a standard.
Even Microsoft has announced its success,
which is always exciting.
With Chrome OS, we have the development
of a viable third choice
in real operating systems in the desktop.
There's just not been an alternative
that took advantage of cloud computing,
and now we finally have a product which is strong enough,
technical enough, scalable enough,
and fast enough that you can build
actual powerful platforms on it.
It's different.
Not the same and it's different
in ways that matter if you believe in cloud computing.
And, of course, you also have, you know,
solutions like Citrix to help you deal
with legacy architectures, existing IT architectures
and all of that.
So my message here--
what I want you to think about this--
is think of this as a journey.
Think of this as something that we've been talking about
for a very, very long time.
That our instincts were right
10 years ago or 20 years ago,
but we didn't have the tools of technology
and that, in my view-- and I hope
when you get our product that we're gonna send you
as soon as we can-- when you play with it
and hopefully use it every day
as many people at Google are--
you'll realize it does in fact work.
You really can build everything that you used to have
to sort of mix and match and so forth and take advantage.
Why do I think this strategy's going to work well?
A lot because of mobile computing.
The existing architectures near the IT level and so forth
really weren't built for the kind of uses
and interaction and interchange
that goes on among mobile apps and the new platforms.
So I think there's every reason to believe
that when you go back and you look in history,
not only is this the right time to build these products,
but because they work and they work at scale,
they'll be very, very successful.
So again, thank you so much.
I know you've been here all morning
and I hope you enjoy the rest of the show.
Take care. Thanks.
Thanks, Sundar.
Pichai: Thanks, Eric.
I've been personally on this journey
of cloud computing for a while,
but it's very clear Eric has been at this
longer than most of us in this room.
So great to hear from him.
So let's recap as to what all we talked about.
So we announced our user base of Chrome.
Seen tremendous adoption.
We've grown 300% this year.
We are at 120 million active users.
A very conservative count.
We have a whole slew of features coming up in Chrome
focused on speed.
With Chrome Instant being very exciting,
all those features will be rolling out
in the next few weeks.
Chrome Web Store, which was the second thing
we talked about, is ready to use today.
You can go to
Install apps.
It'll be rolling out later today.
And, finally, the Chrome OS pilot program.
We will be shipping these devices to users
who apply and are eligible for the pilot program,
including all of you in this room.
And hopefully you get a chance to use it,
try it out, and enjoy what nothing but the web looks like.
Thank you.
[applause] --> 00:10:29,300 We will be shipping these devices to users
who apply and are eligible for the pilot program, 264 00:10:31,801 --> 00