Virginia Farming - January 11, 2013


Uploaded by wvpt on 15.01.2013

Transcript:
¶ >> THE VIRGINIA HORSE INDUSTRY
BOARD, SOUTHWEST AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION, AND THE VIRGINIA
TREE GROWERS ASSOCIATION ARE PROUD FARMERS OF "VIRGINIA
FARMING." THIS PROGRAM IS BROUGHT HERE BY
THE VIRGINIA FARM BUREAU. FARMING, IT IS ALL GOOD.
>> POLARIS, OFFERING THE HARDEST-WORKING SIDE-BY-SIDE.
HUNT, OR TRAIL. >> BROUGHT TO YOU BY FARM
FAMILY, LIFE, AUTO, BUSINESS, FARM.
IT NEED JIM GRAY. LEARN MORE ABOUT HIS STORY.
FARM FAMILY, THE PEOPLE THAT YOU KNOW.
>> HI, EVERYBODY. WELCOME TO "VIRGINIA FARMING."
AND ORGANIC CHARCOAL IS USED AS A SOIL ADDITIVE IN ASIA AND
EUROPE, AND THEY SEEK AMAZING RESULTS.
WE WILL TALK ABOUT WINTER PRUNING IN THE GARDEN, AND WE
WILL HAVE THE AGRICULTURAL CALENDAR.
ALL OF THAT AND THE NEWS OF THE WEEK ON THIS EDITION OF
"VIRGINIA FARMING."
[CAPTIONING MADE POSSIBLE BY WVPT]
CAPTIONED BY THE NATIONAL CAPTIONING INSTITUTE
--WWW.NCICAP.ORG--
>> VIRGINIA'S 4H TEAM PLACED NOVEMBER 1, 1914 DURING THE
INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK EXHIBITION IN LOUISVILLE,
KENTUCKY, PLACING FIRST IN IDENTIFICATION, FIRST IN QUALITY
ASSURANCE, AND FIFTH IN QUALITY. THEY MADE OR ALL NATIONAL
CHAMPIONS. IT INCLUDED -- BEN, JESSICA, AND
TEAM COACH, ERIC. IT IS A KNOWLEDGE-BASED
COMPETITION IN MEAT AND ANIMAL SCIENCES, WITH JUSTIFICATION OF
DECISIONS NEEDED FOR THE JUDGES. CONGRATULATIONS TO THE VIRGINIA
4H TEAM. THERE PROBABLY WILL NOT BE MUCH
SNOW ACROSS THE U.S. AS MUCH OF THE NATION LOOKS FOR A MILD,
DRY WINTER. >> DROUGHT CONDITIONS COULD
PERSIST AND POSSIBLY EXPAND IF, AS EXPECTED, A MILD AND DRY
WINTER AFFECT MOST OF THE NATION.
ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS COULD MAKE THIS WINTER LIKE LAST
YEAR'S. >> WE SEE A VERY ACTIVE JET
STREAM ACROSS THE NORTH ATLANTIC, TAKING A LOT OF THE
PACIFIC ENERGY, AND SKIRT IT ACROSS CANADA WITHOUT AFFECTING
THE UNITED STATES. >> THAT WEATHER MEANS LITTLE OR
NO RELIEF FOR PARTS OF THE NATION EFFECTED BY THE DROUGHT.
>> WE STILL HAVE NEARLY TWO THIRDS UNDER DROUGHT, 62%, 63%
AT THIS TIME, COVERING THE PLAINS, THE WESTERN CORN BELT
AND INTO THE SOUTHWEST. THE GREATEST RISK FOR DRY AND
MILD CONDITIONS WOULD BE ACROSS THE SOUTHERN TIER OF THE
COUNTRY, FROM SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, TO THE SOUTHERN
PLAINS. THOSE AREAS ARE AT GREAT RISK
FOR DROUGHT, INTENSIFICATION OR EXPANSION DURING THE WINTER
MONTHS, AND THE LOWER PARTS OF THE SOUTHEAST, ALABAMA, GEORGIA,
AND FLORIDA. VIRGINIA HAS BEEN MISSING OUT ON
MOISTURE, AND THEY CONTINUE TO DO SO.
>> THE NORTHWEST AND THE NORTHERN TIER HAVE THE BEST
CHANCE FOR SNOW. >> IF WE CONTINUE THE SNOW
TRACK, THESE AREAS SHOULD SEEK ABUNDANT SNOWFALL.
THE NORTHERN TIER IS THE BEST OPPORTUNITY FOR A WINTER DROUGHT
RELIEF. >> THANK YOU, BOB.
THE USDA RECENTLY ANNOUNCED THE NUMBER OF WINTER FARMERS'
MARKETS INCREASED BY 63% SINCE 2011, NOW ACCOUNTING FOR NEARLY
24% OF FARMERS' MARKETS LISTED IN THEIR DIRECTORY.
TONY BANKS, A COMMODITY SPECIALIST SAID WINTER FARMERS'
MARKETS ALLOW OPERATORS MORE OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSUMERS TO
PURCHASE FRESH FOOD. MID-SIZED FARMS HAVE EXPANDED
GROWTH SEASONS USING COST- EFFECTIVE OPTIONS SUCH AS
FRIENDLY GREENHOUSE ENERGY. PRODUCERS ARE TAKING ADVANTAGE
OF THESE TECHNOLOGIES SO IT MAKES SENSE THE FARMERS' MARKET
SEASON IS EXPANDING IN MANY LOCALITIES.
IN THE BUSINESS OF RAISING CATTLE, IMPROVING QUALITY
BENEFITS PRODUCERS AND THE ENTIRE MARKET.
>> I HAVE ALWAYS SAID WHAT YOU WANT TO DO WHEN YOU PRODUCE
ANYTHING IS CREATE FILE EVERYONE WANTS IF THEY COULD AFFORD IT.
>> THAT MEANS SETTING THEIR SIGHTS ON HIGHLY MARBLED BEEF,
BUT THE GOOD MUST GET BETTER. >> WHAT WE HAVE SAID IS THE
MARKET HAS CHANGED DRAMATICALLY, AWAY FROM THE COMMODITY, WHAT
PERCENTAGE YOUR CATTLE BRINGS, OR TO PROGRAM CATTLE.
OUR GOAL WAS 80% CHOICE OR HIGHER, AND NOW IT IS CAN WE
BEAT 50% PROGRAM CATTLE. >> FEEDERS RECOGNIZE THAT AND
PROCURER CATTLE ACCORDINGLY. BETTER THAN AVERAGE IS THE
MANTRA. >> THE LEVEL HAS BEEN RAISED,
MAINLY DUE TO THE PREMIUMS THAT ARE PAID.
PEOPLE ARE LOOKING FOR THE BETTER CATTLE.
IT IS JUST LIKE ANY OTHER THING. YOU CAN STAY ON THE SAME TRACK,
WHERE YOU CAN PROGRESS AND GET BETTER, AND SADLY, SOME PEOPLE
HAVE DONE THE SAME THING FOR 20 YEARS, AND THEY ARE THE ONES
SITTING THERE. THE PROGRESSIVE PEOPLE, GETTING
ON GENETICS, TRYING TO MEET THEIR CATTLE MORE EFFICIENT,
THOSE ARE THE ONES THAT WE LOOK FOR.
>> THE PRICE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CHOICE AND SELECT BEEF, OR
CHOICE AND SELECT BRAND RECENTLY ACQUIT -- SURPASSED
$20. THAT SHOULD SPEAK VOLUMES TO
SUPPLIERS. >> BIOCHAR GOTTEN THE ATTENTION
OF LARGE COMPANIES AN ALTERNATIVE FUEL SOURCE.
ERIC KNIGHT IS A SPECIALIST AND JOINS US TO TELL US HOW IT CAN
BE USED AS A SOIL AND FEED ADDITIVES.
THAT IS COMING UP. >> BIOCAR IS A NAME FOR CHARCOAL
WHEN IT IS USED AS A SOIL AMENDMENT.
IT IS USED IN OTHER COUNTRIES, AND THEY HAVE SEEN ENHANCED FOR
SO IT -- FERTILITY AND SOIL WATER ENHANCEMENT.
JOINING ME TODAY IS ERIC KNIGHT, A SPECIALIST.
WELCOME TO "VIRGINIA FARMING." >> GLAD TO BE HERE.
>> THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE. THIS IS AN EXCITING TOPIC, AND
SOMETHING NEW TO ME. BEFORE WE GET INTO THAT, TELL US
ABOUT YOURSELF. >> ALL RIGHT.
IBM AND ORNAMENTAL GARDENER FOR THE LAST 33 YEARS.
ABOUT SIX, MAYBE MORE YEARS AGO I STARTED BLOGGING ON THE
SUBJECT. I HAVE DONE TELEPHONE
CONSULTATIONS FOR ALTERNATIVE ENERGY, AND ON ONE OF THE MANY
SCIENCE FORUMS THAT I VISIT, I SAW AN INTERESTING LINK ABOUT
SOIL IN THE AMAZON RIVER BASIN THAT ARE OUT TO 6 FOOT DEEP,
HAVE LAYERS OF CHARCOAL ALL THE WAY DOWN, TOTALLY BLACK, WITH
POTTERY SHARDS. IT IS MAN-MADE SOIL.
THIS SOIL TECHNOLOGY WAS LOST WHEN THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
HAPPENED, AND THE CIVILIZATION IN THE AMAZON DIED OFF DUE TO
DISEASE. THEY DID NOT DO A SLASH AND BURN
OF THE FOREST TO MAKE THESE SIX, CHARCOAL SOIL, BUT THEY DID SOME
SORT OF/AND CHAR. SO, THE MODERN VERSION IS TAKING
REACTORS, GASIFICATION UNIT, AND THESE ARE CLOSED-LOOP REACTORS
WHERE ONLY THE HYDRO CARBONS, OFF OF THE BIOMASS.
THE POINT SELL CARBON IS LOCKED INTO A CHARCOAL, AND THAT IS
USED TO INCREASE FERTILITY IN THE SOIL, AS YOU SAID, WATER
RETENTION, AND HAS SO MANY OTHER APPLICATIONS THAT WE CANNOT
TOUCH ON THEM ALL TODAY. >> RIGHT.
I THINK IT IS REALLY INTERESTING THAT EVERYTHING IN THESE
BIOCHAR PELLETS IS COMPLETELY ORGANIC.
>> YES. >> THAN IT IS CONDENSED.
I WANT TO GET INTO HOW THESE BIOCHAR PELLETS ARE MADE.
THEY ARE MADE USING LITTLE OR NO OXYGEN IN THE BURNING PROCESS
CORRECT? >> IT IS A NON-COMBUSTION
TECHNOLOGY IN THE SENSE THAT, AGAIN, YOU JUST KEEP THE
BIOMASS. THE HYDRO-CARBONS, THE WHEELS
AND TIRES ARE LIBERATED, AND THEY FORM A BIOFUEL.
THE ELEMENTAL STRUCTURE OF THE PLANT CELL WALLS COME ALL THE
NOOKS AND CRANNIES, ALL OF THE SURFACE AREA IS LOCKED INTO THE
CHART. THAT SURFACE AREA MIXED INTO
THE SOIL INCREASES THE SURFACE AREA OF THE SOIL, AND IT IS A
HOME FOR THE WEED SOIL. MICROBES LIKE TO SIT DOWN WHEN
THEY EAT, JUST LIKE HUMANS, AND WHEN YOU PROVIDE THIS SORT OF
TABLE FOR THEM, EFFICIENCY INCREASES AND THEY PROLIFERATE.
HAVING ALL OF THESE PHONE GOLDTHREADS THROUGH THE SOIL,
THROUGH THE -- FONG GO THREADS THROUGH THE SOIL, PROVIDES A
HIGHWAY. >> WHEN YOU SAY BURN THE
BIOMASS, ONE GENTLEMAN I SAW WAS BURNING A WOOD PELLET.
WHAT OTHER ELEMENTS ARE THE BURNING?
>> THIS TECHNOLOGY SKILLS FROM BIG, INDUSTRIAL REFINERIES, ALL
THE WAY DOWN TO LITTLE, GASIFYING COOKSTOVE IS USED IN
THE THIRD WORLD TO REPLACE THREE ROCKS AND A POT, BECAUSE THERE
ARE NO PARTICLES THAT COME OFF OF THESE GASIFICATION STOVES
THAT ARE 41% MORE EFFICIENT, AND THAT IS 41% LESS FUEL.
THEY CAN BURN ANY FUEL. SO, SECRETARY CLINTON GOT ON
BOARD ABOUT ONE YEAR AGO WITH THE GLOBAL INITIATIVE, 100
MILLION OF THESE GASIFICATION STOVES TO THE THIRD WORLD.
THE COMBINED HEALTH EFFECTS, IF YOU COULD REPLACE THAT SCALE,
ALL OF THE THREE ROCKS AND A PO T IN AFRICA WOULD BE EQUAL TO
THE ELIMINATION OF AIDS AND MALARIA COMBINED.
>> WALL. >> WOMEN AND CHILDREN DIE OF
EMPHYSEMA AND BLACK LUNG AT 35, 40 YEARS OLD.
>> IT IS REALLY USING WHAT YOU HAVE.
YOU DO NOT HAVE TO BUY EXTRA THINGS TO CREATE THE BIOCHAR.
>> THE CASCADING EFFECT -- IT IS JUST A SMALL SCALE.
WHAT YOU MIGHT REMEMBER AS HOBO STOVES, IT IS JUST LIKE A MATCH.
YOU LIGHT THE MATCH, AND THE FLAME PROTECT THE WOOD FROM
TURNING INTO ASH. YOU THROW IT OUT AND YOU HAVE
CHARCOAL LEFT ON A MATCH. THESE STOVES DO THE SAME THING.
THEY ACTUALLY PRODUCE CHARCOAL WHILE COOKING YOUR FOOD BECAUSE
IT ONLY BURNS THE METHANE AND OXYGEN THAT COME OFF OF THE
BIOMASS. THAT IS WHY IT IS A NON-
COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY BECAUSE THE CARBON IS NEVER COMBUSTED.
>> OK. SO, I WANT TO TALK A LITTLE BIT
ABOUT THE RESULTS THEY ARE SEEING AS FAR AS FERTILITY AND
SOIL, AND THE INCREASE IN CROPS. WHEN IMAGE I SAW HAD THE CORN
CROP WITHOUT THE BIOCHAR HERE, AND THE ONE WITH WAS HERE, AND
IT WAS A NIGHT AND DAY DIFFERENCE.
>> AS I SAID, ABOUT SIX YEARS AGO I STARTED BLOGGING AND I
FOUND OUT THAT THE AUSTRALIANS, EUROPEANS, AND THE JAPANESE ARE
10-TO-15 YEARS AHEAD OF US IN THIS TECHNOLOGY AUSTRALIA HAS
INITIATIVES AS PART OF THEIR GREENHOUSE GAS PROGRAM.
I WORKED IN PENNSYLVANIA IN 2009 DOING FIELD TRIALS.
THAT IS PROBABLY THE DIFFERENCE YOU SAW IN THE CORN CROP.
>> RIGHT. >> BASICALLY, THE HIGHER
METABOLISM OF THE SOIL, THE GREATER THE BENEFIT.
IN TROPICAL SOIL, AN AVERAGE INCREASE IN YIELD ACROSS MANY
TRIALS IN AUSTRALIA, AFRICA AND SUCH -- YOU GET 50%-TO-60%
INCREASE IN YIELD FOR THE SAME AMOUNT OF FERTILE BODY,
EVERYTHING BEING EQUAL. HERE, IN THE TEMPERATE SORRELS,
WE GET ABOUT 20%, 25%. THE RESEARCH IN CANADA IN
REALLY, SORT OF, COLD SOIL, IS 10%, 15%.
THE GREATER THE METABOLIC RATE OF THE SOIL, THE GREATER THE
TURNOVER OF THE MICROBES, YOU GET A GREATER BENEFIT FROM
BIOCHAR SOIL AMENDMENT. >> OK.
WE ARE RUNNING OUT OF TIME, BUT THE ONE THING I WANTED TO TOUCH
ON THAT I MENTIONED IN THE INTRODUCTION IS USING IT AS A
FEED ADDITIVE. TELL ME ABOUT SOME OF THE
RESULTS. >> YOU CAN GOOGLE THE SIGNAL --
SONOMA BIOCHAR CONFERENCE, AND YOU CAN READ MY PRESENTATION.
THE EUROPEANS TAKE 1% BIOCHAR, FEED THE SILAGE THROUGH THEIR
CATTLE, SCRAPE UP CATTLE BARN MANEUVER, AND 10% MORE BIOCHAR
TO THAT MY DOOR, AND COMPOSTED. -- MANEUVER AND COMPOST IT.
EVERY STEP INCREASE HIS VALUE. IN NORMAL COMPOST AND THE U-HAUL
THE NITROGEN, AND IT CONVERTS THE BIOMASS, WHICH IS GREAT
STUFF, BUT THERE IS NO NITROGEN IN THE COMPOST.
THE CHAR IN THE COMPOSTING PROCESS -- YOU RETAIN 50%-TO-75%
OF THE NITROGEN LOST. >> THAT IS AMAZING.
>> ONCE IT IS ON THE FIELD, IT LOCKS INTO CHAR, AND IT IS 10-
TO-20 TIMES LESS AVAILABLE TO REACH INTO THE WATER SYSTEM.
IT STAYS ON THE FIELD IN AN ORGANIC FORM.
YOU HAVE NOT ONLY ELIMINATED THE OLDER OF THE MEN WERE ON THE
FARM IN THESE FIRMS IN SWITCH -- MEN WERE ON THE FARM IN THESE
FARMS IN SWITZERLAND AND GERMANY, BUT THEY HAVE.
-- CURED WITH A 40% REDUCTION IN METHANE BELCHING.
AMERICAN FARMERS ARE NOT PAID FOR REDUCING THE THING IN
CATTLE, BUT EUROPEAN FARMERS AND AUSTRALIAN FARMERS DO.
>> RIGHT. >> IN JAPAN, THEY USE BIOCHAR
FEED IN THEIR AQUACULTURE. LOOK AT MY PRESENTATION, THE
CONTROL TRANKS 3 INCHES. THE BIOCHAR SHRINKS 6 INCHES TO
>> AND IT IS ALL NATURAL. >> IT IS ALL NATURAL.
>> IT IS EXCITING TO LEARN WHAT IT MEANS TO ME, AND THERE IS A
FARM HERE WORKING ON IT, AND I WANT TO LET OUR VIEWERS KNOW
THAT WE WILL FOLLOW WILL PUT STORIES ABOUT THIS BIOCHAR, THE
JUICE AND SOY OIL AND FEED. THANK YOU FOR BEING HERE AT >>
THANK YOU FOR THE OPPORTUNITY. >> WE WILL BE RIGHT BACK.
>> WINTER MIGHT NOT SEEM LIKE THE BEST TIME FOR GARDENING, BUT
CLEANING COULD LEAD TO HEALTHIER PLANTS.
>> WINTER COATING ALLOWS YOU TO PRUNE THE TREES THAT LOSE THEIR
LEAVES, LIKE OAK TREES, MAPLE TREES, AND SOME OF YOUR SMALLER
SHRUBS. ANYTHING THAT IS DISEASED OR
DAMAGED, REMEMBER, CAN BE PRUNED PRETTY MUCH THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE
YEAR. WHAT WE WILL FOCUS ON IS WHAT
KIND OF PRUNING YOU CAN DO THROUGH THE WINTER MONTHS, AND
ONE OF THOSE IS THINNING OUT THE TREE.
IT IS REALLY HARD TO SEE WHICH LEADS ON THE TREE, WHEN THEY
FALL TO THE GROUND, YOU CAN LOOK TO ROCK THE WHOLE TREE AND FIND
THE BRANCHES YOU WANT TO ELIMINATE.
SOME PEOPLE TAKE A SPRAY CAN RAID THE ONES THEY WANT TO TAKE,
OR TIE A RIBBON ON THE BRANCH, BUT I WALK AROUND THE TREE AGAIN
AND AGAIN TO REALLY EVALUATE THE TREE, BECAUSE ONCE YOU PRUNE THE
BRANCH, IT IS GONE. WHEN OF THE THINGS YOU WANT TO
KEEP IN MIND IS THERE ARE CERTAIN POINTS WHERE THE BRANCH
ATTACHES TO THE STEM, WHERE THEY CAN BE REMOVED, AND THAT POINT
IS A NATURAL BRANCH CALLER. WHEN YOU ARE PROVING YOUR
BRANCHES, YOU DO NOT WANT TO PRUNE INSIDE, THAT NATURAL
BRANCH CALLER, AND HERE'S A GREAT EXAMPLE WE WILL PRUNE.
TAKE A HAND SHEARS, AND YOU CAN GO THROUGH JUST LIKE THAT.
IT REDUCES THE WEIGHT. IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOU NAUTCH
UNDERNEATH, SO THEY DID NOT STRIP DOWN THE BAR.
I'M CUTTING INSIDE OF THE COLLAR, AND IT IS QUICK AND
EASY. THAT IS IT.
PROPER PRUNING AND LEAVING SHRUGS -- IMPROPER CODING AND
LEAVING SHRUBS LEAVES A DAMAGED STATE.
WOULD YOU WANT TO DO IS CUT TO A BUD OR BRANCH.
IT IS ALWAYS IMPORTANT TO NOTCH UNDERNEATH, AND THEN COME IN
FROM THE TOP, AND RIGHT OUTSIDE OF THE BRIDGE COLLAR, JUST LIKE
THIS, PRUNE, AND YOUR BRANCH WILL HEAL OVER TIME.
YOUR TREE WILL LIVE MANY MORE YEARS.
YOU'LL NOTICE THAT I'M STANDING ON THE GROUND COME AND NOT ON
THE LADDER. A LOT OF ACCIDENTS HAPPEN WITH
PEOPLE UPON LETTERS TRYING TO PRUNE THEIR TREE.
IT IS IMPORTANT WHEN YOU NEED TO GET UP THERE, HIRE
PROFESSIONALS. SOME OF THESE BRANCHES WAY
HUNDREDS OF POUNDS, AND PEOPLE STANDING UNDER THE TREE COULD
ALSO BE HURT BY BAD BRANCH FALLING ON THEM.
WHEN YOU REALLY WANT TO TRY TO ACCOMPLISH IS THIN OUT THE TREE,
SO YOU CAN THROW A SOFTBALL OR FOOTBALL THROUGH IT.
PRUNE THE LITTLE BRANCHES WITH THE SHARES, AND YOU CAN FIND A
LARGER BRANCHES CAN BE PRUNED WITH GOOD, HEAVY-DUTY EQUIPMENT
LIKE THIS. I AM GOING TO COME IN HERE,
CROONED THAT BRANCH, REMOVE THAT BRANCH, AND TAKE THAT BRANCH.
THIS IS GREAT BECAUSE YOU CAN EVALUATE AS YOU PRUNE AND DO
MORE AS YOU THIN IT OUT. I DO NOT LIKE TO PRUNE MORE THAN
20% AT ANY ONE POINT IN TIME. >> TAKING A LOOK AT OUR
CALENDAR, THE VIRGINIA CLUB WINTER CLASSIC WILL BE HELD
JANUARY 26 THROUGH THE 27TH. THIS IS THE LATE -- LARGEST
JACKPOT SHOW ON THE EAST COAST, INCLUDING STOCK SHOWS, SALES AND
EDUCATIONAL CLINICS. THAT DOES IT FOR OUR SHOW.
HAVE A GREAT WE, EVERYONE. I AM AMY FOR "VIRGINIA FARMING."

¶ >> THIS PROGRAM IS BROUGHT TO BY
THE VIRGINIA FARM BUREAU. FROM APPLE, TO ZUCCHINI,
VIRGINIA FARMERS WORK HARD TO PUT FOOD ON YOUR TABLE TO
FARMING, IT IS ALL GOOD. >> POLARIS WORKING THE HARDEST-
WORKING SIDE BY SIDES. HUNT OR TRAIL, THEY HAVE THE
SIDE-BY-SIDE DID YOU WANT. >> BROUGHT TO YOU BY FARM
FAMILY -- WIFE, AUTO, BUSINESS, FARM.
MEET NANCY, OWNER, AGENT OF CHANGE.
LEARN MORE ABOUT HER STORY. FARM FAMILY, THE PEOPLE THAT YOU
NOW. -- KNOW.