3d box illustrator CS6 - Nice for flowcharts / graphics! (Tutorial)


Uploaded by unluckylion on 12.01.2013

Transcript:
Hello every one!
A friend of mine was really struggling the other day
with making boxes in illustrator.
So today I will show you how to create a 3D box, that you can use
for flow charts, or some diagrams or what ever you want.
So let's get started.
In this tutorial I will show you how to make the box on the left side.
If you would like to have a box that is more 3D
with a little bit more perspective
there is a Perspective grit tool that you can use for that
and I have a video for that already
and you can click on the screen to watch that video.
But for now we get started with our box on the left.
So we delete the ones here.
We will start our box by
changing the color here that we have no fill
and we have a border on our box.
And we will take the rectangle tool
and we draw out a box that we like, so the basic one side.
Now you can press [cmd]+[u]
to activate smart guides, you can also do this under *View* -> *Smart Guides*.
What smart guides will do, if we copy this box
and then we select it, smart guides will help us to snap the box
to the other one we have here already.
Now we're going to select the *Direct Selection Tool*
And we only select the border of the box, the white border here.
And now we can move this one
to the back, and we can decide how much tilde our box should have
and also how thick the box should be
so I'm going here for a relatively thin box.
And now we only need to add a roof.
We switch to the select tool by pressing [v]
and now we can select this box again
and actually if you press the [alt] key and move
you can copy an object like this.
Now we align this again to the top of our box
and we see again it snaps into place.
We switch to the direct selection tool by pressing [a]
and we select the top two points of our box.
Now we try to align it with the rest of the box.
And you see here it also snaps into place.
If you want to check if this is correctly aligned
we can go on *View* and on *Outline view*
and we zoom in a little bit
and you will see this is not quite perfect.
So we again select the direct selection tool.
Click on the line this time.
And we're going to move the line a little bit back.
This should be fine, let's zoom out.
And we go back to our overprint view.
Now you see the edges of the box
have a little bit sharp edges.
To remove those, we select the whole box and in your stroke panel
You can choose round corners. If you don't have this window, you can find it under windows.
Now we can add some more color to our box.
Let's choose for example a nice green.
And we're going to add this green to the complete box.
And the tiles in the back will get a little darker green.
Yes, maybe like this.
Now you could add some text.
And lets also select our box and scale it down.
If you scale something down, make sure
you don't scale the Strokes and effects, or maybe you want to scale the strokes
But if I activate this it would make the lines very thin.
So you see here the lines are almost gone.
But if you scale something wrong, you can always get it back by selecting a new line thickness over here.
we can now move our name "Box 1" over here.
And let's just say we want to have a flow chart with several boxes behind each other.
Something like this. And I will give them some new colors and names.
And if you are happy with your boxes, you might also want to group them.
And it's a little bit easier to move them around.
I press [cmd]+[g] to group them if I have the complete box selected.
And now it's grouped as one object.
And I would like to have all of them aligned
behind each other very nicely in one strait line.
Basically like this. I'm going to send those to the back.
But you see here, this is not in a very nice line right now.
So what I'm going to do is, I zoom in and with the selection tool;
Now as I have those grouped, I need to double click
now I'm inside of this group
and I can make changes, for example this can be "Box A".
Now I want to copy just this stroke down here
and I press A for the direct selection tool.
Let's just click on the stroke down here.
We press copy and [V]
and we see here we have our stroke.
But I'm going to copy this one again and delete it, because
at the moment it would be grouped with our box.
So we press [esc], so we leave the layer of this group you see over here.
We press [esc], it's gone.
And if I past now it will put this stroke some where on my pasteboard.
Now we need to scale this stroke up
We need to remove the *Scale strokes and effects* because it should have the same thickness.
And I press the [shift] key to keep the orientation of this stroke.
Now I gave my self, kind of a guide where I can align the other boxes to.
So if you want to do it very correctly, you can also select your boxes.
And in the align tool
you can distribute objects vertical
and this will make them distributed with the same spacing.
Actually lets move them up a bit that you can see the names.
So we still want some overlap.
And we press again, distribute objects.
And now I move them with the arrow keys to match them with the stroke.
So this should be fine. We can also check in the outline preview again
and see if there are any major issues.
But this looks quite nice right now.
Let's go back to the overprint preview.
and now we can also move this stroke away.
I actually I would keep this stroke, because your might want to use it later on.
And if you want you could also now include some connections between the boxes.
So were going to go to our line tool.
And as we still have the smart guides activated
we can start drawing a line right in the center of a box.
We hold the shift key to draw a straight line.
We do this for all the boxes.
Like this.
And now we can take those also as a guide for our tilted line.
And if I want to have those aligned perfectly to those connections
I will select one of those lines.
And I go to my scissors tool, you find this under the eraser, just click and hold on the symbol.
And I'm just going to cut these lines so we don't have this over standing pieces here.
Let's also do this for the other lines over here.
You can also press [C] to get to your scissors.
Now I go around and delete all the pieces we don't need.
If you want to be very correct you also can
use the direct selection tool to merge the two lines
by clicking this symbol here.
So you always select two points and you click this to connect them.
Now this whole thing is one line.
We can also increase the length of this line a little bit.
And to make it look a little bit nicer
we can add some arrow heads.
I think this one should work quite nicely.
But I would decrease the size a little bit.
Yes, maybe 40% should be ok.
We also align this to the center of the stroke.
Like this.
And we also need to add this, for this line here as well.
We do again the same thing.
And we can make this one a normal arrow head.
And there you have your nice boxes.
All right, thats it for today, if you found this video helpful, please give it a thumbs up
and you might also want to subscribe, until next time, bye bye.